#TechTrends : Blockchain, IoT, VR…Huit tendances qui accompagnent la transformation numérique en 2016 – Maddyness

Source: #TechTrends : Blockchain, IoT, VR…Huit tendances qui accompagnent la transformation numérique en 2016 – Maddyness

 

Deloitte revient, pour la quatrième année consécutive, sur les huit tendances et mutations technologiques qui impacteront nos organisations d’ici les deux prochaines années. Au programme : IoT, blockchain, ou encore réalité virtuelle.

Deloitte apporte chaque année, dans son étude « Tech Trends », un éclairage sur les mutations technologiques susceptibles d’avoir un impact significatif sur les entreprises d’ici les deux prochaines années. Après s’être intéressé à la fusion du business et de l’IT en 2015, le cabinet se penche cette année sur la blockchain et des objets connectés.

Et c’est huit tendances et mutations technologiques qui auront, selon Deloitte, un impact sur les organisations dans les 24 prochains mois. Une liste que le cabinet a établi en s’appuyant sur des retours de clients sur leurs priorités et investissements actuels et futurs, des points de vue d’acteurs issus de l’industrie ou du monde universitaire, mais également sur des recherches d’analystes et de groupes de réflexion sur les technologies et des exemples recueillis au sein du réseau d’experts Deloitte.

Les 8 tendances technologiques retenues par Deloitte :

“Right Speed IT” : une réactivité adaptée aux enjeux métiers

De nombreuses organisations informatiques évoluent aujourd’hui au-delà des seuls cycles de développement traditionnels en y ajoutant des cycles courts. Pourtant, certains CIO ont parfois besoin de se positionner entre ces deux extrêmes. Un écartdifficile à combler. Il s’agit aujourd’hui de pouvoir garantir une réactivité adaptée aux enjeux du métier, en réalisant des investissements ciblés sur leurs processus, leurs technologies ou encore leurs talents, afin de re-concevoir les métiers de l’informatique. 

Des opportunités business dans la réalité virtuelle et la réalité augmentée 

Le potentiel de la réalité virtuelle et de la réalité augmentée c’est plus à prouver. Ces deux tendances représentent aujourd’hui un enjeu majeur pour les entreprises, dont les capacités pourraient remodeler entièrement le rôle de l’individu au sein de son environnement de travail. Un impact qui se fait déjà ressentir dans des domaines tels que la communication et la collaboration, la formation et la simulation, le service client, mais aussi dans la réinvention de l’expérience collaborateur et client. 

vr

Objets connectés : de nouveaux enjeux métiers

Les organisations avant-gardistes se concentrent aujourd’hui davantage sur le développement d’approches audacieuses autour de la gestion des données , en tirant parti des infrastructures IoT existantes. L’objectif : développer de nouveaux modèles économiques dédiés par exemple à la stimulation de la production alimentaire, la réduction des émissions de carbone,  ou encore la transformation des services de santé. Les organisations pourront élever leur stratégie IoT en passant de la simple collecte des données à la mise en action de celles-ci.

Blockchain : la démocratisation de la confiance

La confiance est un élément fondamental de l’entreprise. Pourtant, son maintien, à travers une économie mondiale qui devient de plus en plus digitale, est coûteux, prend du temps et, dans de nombreux cas, inefficace. Certaines organisations cherchent à comprendre comment la blockchain, l’épine dorsale du bitcoin, pourrait fournir une alternative crédible à l’infrastructure procédurale, organisationnelle et technologique indispensable au maintien de la confiance à l’échelle institutionnelle. Ces travaux exploratoires en sont encore à un stade primaire ; toutefois, leurs conséquences pourraient être profondes. De la même manière qu’internet a révolutionné la communication, la blockchain pourrait transformer la façon de gérer les transactions, les contrats, et plus généralement le concept de confiance. 

Industrialized Analytics : du « Data Lab » à la « Data Fabric »

Les données font partie des composantes fondamentales de la transformation numérique. Pour réaliser le plein potentiel de ces données, les entreprises doivent adopter de nouvelles approches. Ce n’est qu’en industrialisant leur approche que les entreprises deviendront capables de définir et de piloter leur stratégie métier, en exploitant pleinement les masses de données à leur disposition, développant ainsi une meilleure conscience d’elles-mêmes et de leur environnement.

analytics

Reimagining Core Systems : donner un nouveau souffle au cœur de l’entreprise

Face à la transformation accélérée des métiers, l’ensemble du système d’information doit évoluer au même rythme et en profondeur. Les applications cœur de métier, qui supportent des processus clés des entreprises doivent ainsi évoluer pour que la transformation se fasse sans se limiter aux seuls changements d’interfaces, et pour permettre par exemple une véritable expérience utilisateur. En réponse aux nouveaux enjeux d’ouverture et de flexibilité du système d’information, les entreprises développent aujourd’hui des stratégies autour de 5 approches : l’évolution des plateformes, la revitalisation, la remédiation, la refonte et l’immobilisme.

Plateformes autonomes : quand l’infrastructure devient code

En s’appuyant sur la virtualisation et le DevOps, deux piliers devenus matures, le nouvel enjeu des organisations est d’automatiser et de mieux coordonner les capacités. Et c’est pour cette raison que les entreprises développement aujourd’hui des stratégies afin de réimaginer leurs systèmes de base, afin de gérer des ressources dynamiquement et assurer l’intégration et l’orchestration des activités nécessaires du développement à l’exploitation des solutions IT. 

RSE : vers une transformation digitale

L’impact social est un sujet important, qui va bien au-delà du domaine de l’IT. Le nouveau défi des entreprises est aujourd’hui de trouver des façons de concevoir des modèles qui peuvent entraîner un impact social positif l’impact. Toutefois, définir le rôle que jouent ou peuvent jouer les technologies émergentes dans les programmes de RSE (responsabilité sociétale d’entreprise) est la responsabilité des dirigeants IT, en particulier du DSI. 

rse transfo digitale

“ Dans un contexte de changement permanent, les organisations qui arriveront à mettre à profit les tendances technologiques auront l’opportunité de se transformer et de réinventer leurs produits et services “

Henri Pidault, Chief Technology Officer Deloitte

Pourquoi la révolution IoT passera par le blockchain | FrenchWeb.fr

«Le principal avantage du blockchain est de permettre aux individus de se faire confiance entre eux sans l’intervention d’un «tiers de confiance»». Par Xavier Dalloz.

Source: Pourquoi la révolution IoT passera par le blockchain | FrenchWeb.fr

 

Depuis 1944, tous les 10 ans, une innovation majeure change tout. Il y a eu le premier ordinateur en 1944, le premier mainframe en 1954, le premier mini ordinateur en 1964, le premier micro ordinateur en 1974, le McIntosh en 1984, le Web avec Netscape en 1994, les réseaux sociaux en 2004. Voici l’Internet of ME avec le Blockchain of Things – BoT.

Le blockchain peut être défini comme l’historique décentralisé et exhaustif de toutes les transactions effectuées depuis sa création et qui y sont consignés par blocs consécutifs dans un grand livre de compte. La sécurité de la transaction est assurée par un réseau d’ordinateurs qui valident et certifient la transaction avant de l’inscrire de manière définitive dans un bloc. Une fois enregistrée, cette dernière devient infalsifiable et facilement vérifiable. Il s’agit donc d’un réseau distribué au sein duquel les transactions s’effectuent en pair à pair (P2P).

Le principal avantage du blockchain est de permettre aux individus de se faire confiance entre eux sans l’intervention d’un «tiers de confiance» (notaire, banque, État, plateforme d’intermédiation de type Uber, AirBnB, etc.). Cette fonction d’intermédiaire est assurée par un réseau d’ordinateurs. Dit autrement, le blockchain est une infrastructure de certification des transactions sur Internet.

La technologie blockchain peut être utilisée pour des transactions qui vont au delà d’une simple transaction de paiement ou d’enregistrement et qui contiennent des instructions beaucoup plus complexes (des instructions conditionnelles et programmables), on parle alors de contrats. Ces contrats sont publiés sur un blockchain pour qu’ils s’exécutent automatiquement sous certaines conditions, raison pour laquelle on utilise l’expression de «Smart Contracts».

Les enjeux sont énormes. Tous les acteurs impliqués dans l’intermédiation sont concernés : les banques, les assureurs, les notaires, les avocats, etc sont concernés. C’est un marché de plusieurs milliers de milliards de dollars qu’il faut ré-inventer !

La réussite de l’IoT (Internet of Things) passe en effet par le blockchain et son infrastructure de confiance algorithmique distribuée. Rappelons qu’avec blockchain, le fait qu’une transaction soit acceptée ou rejetée est le fruit d’un consensus distribué et non d’une institution centralisée. Dit autrement, le consensus-as-a-service (consensus à la demande) ou le TaaS (Trust as a Service) est au cœur du modèle économique du blockchain.

Avec l’Internet des objets, le protocole blockchain va trouver l’une de ses plus larges applications, compte tenu des problèmes colossaux de confiance qui ne manqueront pas de se poser. La confiance, la question de l’identité, du respect de la vie privée et de la confidentialité des données personnelles seront au cœur du développement du marché de l’Internet des objets.

Dit autrement, la technologie blockchain va devenir l’infrastructure d’un monde globalement numérique et massivement interconnecté avec notamment le Wearable Computing, l’IoT, les capteurs, les smartphones, les ordinateurs portables, les appareils du quantified self, le Smarthome, le Smartcar et le SmartCity.

Le monde de demain sera blockchain ou ne sera pas.

  • A propos

image: http://www.frenchweb.fr/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/xavier-dalloz.png

xavier-dallozXavier Dalloz dirige le cabinet de conseil Xavier Dalloz Consulting qui est spécialisé dans le suivi des technologies de l’information. Xavier Dalloz Consulting intervient auprès des entreprises pour les aider à insérer les technologies de l’information dans leur stratégie pour en obtenir un avantage concurrentiel.

Il est le correspondant en France du CES (Consumer Electronics Show) et du KES (Korean Electronics Show). Il est membre du WEF (World Electronics Forum).

Read more at http://www.frenchweb.fr/pourquoi-la-revolution-iot-passera-par-le-blockchain/235104#0Ef9Bb7IQCw0FYT4.99

France: 76% of web users said they wouldn’t consider sharing  personal data (from IOT – connected devices) with brands or companiess – eMarketer

Almost all web users know something—however vague—about the internet of things (IoT). But many worry about the privacy implications.

Source: Consumers in France Wary of Connected Devices – eMarketer

2016 has been heralded as a crucial year for the internet of things (IoT), as more connected products appear in stores and consumers across Europe weigh up the potential benefits of smart thermostats, home security systems controlled via mobile phone, and smart watches and wristbands that help users stay fit and healthy.

Thanks to a sharp rise in advertising and press coverage, most internet users in France know about connected devices. According to a report from the Institut français d’opinion publique (Ifop) , 57% of the online population ages 15 and older polled in November 2015 knew exactly what “connected devices” were; a further 40% had heard the term, but didn’t know precisely what it meant.

Predictably perhaps, knowledge was more extensive among the youngest respondents (ages 15 to 24), residents of Paris and its environs, and higher-income internet users. Males were also more likely than females to know exactly what connected devices were.

Awareness certainly isn’t translating into rapid adoption, though. Fewer than one-quarter (22%) of web users polled by Ifop owned even one connected device. Uptake was highest (16%) for smart home items—smart thermostats were the most popular—and 11% of internet users said they had a health-related device such as a smart watch or activity tracker.

Cost is one obstacle to purchase for many potential buyers; many connected devices are quite new to the market and prices reflect that premium, just-launched status. Moreover, most consumers aren’t convinced that they need IoT devices—or that these can save them money or improve their lives in other ways.

But privacy worries are also a major contributor to low adoption rates, Ifop found. Nearly half (46%) of respondents understood clearly that connected devices generated data about them personally, their habits and their homes. Almost as many were vaguely aware of this process but didn’t recognize the full extent or implications of it.

Whatever their understanding of data generation by IoT devices, an overwhelming majority (76%) of web users said they wouldn’t consider sharing that personal data with brands or companies, because they wanted to protect their privacy. Just 16% were willing to trade their personal data if they benefitted from doing so. Younger internet users tended to view this trade-off more positively than their elders; among respondents 50 or older, only 11% were prepared to share personal data if they derived a benefit in exchange.

While penetration of connected devices is bound to rise, as more consumers in France see their positive side, the surrounding data issues will also be climbing up the agenda. According to Ifop, about 40% of web users had no idea where the data generated by smart devices actually resided, or who owned it. And some hadn’t even asked themselves such questions. We expect that to change dramatically in 2016.

– See more at: http://www.emarketer.com/Article/Consumers-France-Wary-of-Connected-Devices/1013448?ecid=NL1002#sthash.QXq1uJqz.dpuf

L’Oréal Takes the Wearables War to the Beauty Counter – NYTimes.com

The makeup giant’s latest product is not a lipstick or an eyeshadow, but a stretchable electronic you apply to your skin to measure UV exposure.

Source: L’Oréal Takes the Wearables War to the Beauty Counter – NYTimes.com

L’Oréal is not a name usually associated with International CES, the annual consumer electronics show, but Guive Balooch, global vice president of L’Oréal’s Technology Incubator, was in Las Vegas on Wednesday to unveil the beauty giant’s new foray into wearable tech — and it’s not a bracelet (thank the heavens).

It’s a temporary tattoo!

Or at least that’s what it looks like.

Created in conjunction with PCH, the Irish product engineering firm that also manufactures the notably wearable wearable Ringly (the cocktail-style ring that notifies you when you get calls, text messages or calendar events), the new device is being called My UV Patch. It is a “stretchable sensor” with a diameter of one inch and thickness of 15 microns(think Band-Aid-like), containing flexible electronics that can be worn on the skin pretty much anywhere and that, with the help of your phone, can tell you how much UV exposure you are subject to at what times of day. It comes in the shape of a heart, with little blue squares that fade the more evil skin-cancer-causing rays (sorry, UV exposure), you get.

The My UV Patch was developed by L’Oréal in conjunction with PCH, the Irish design engineering firm.

“It’s a fashion statement!” Mr. Balooch said by telephone from Las Vegas, where he was making the rounds with Liam Casey, the founder and chief executive of PCH. The L’Oréal incubator is about three and a half years old (it is based in New Jersey and has a sister lab, the California Research Center, in San Francisco) and it started talking to PCH about teaming up 18 months ago.

The patch, which can be worn from the shower to the beach, lasts five days and can then be peeled off and tossed in the garbage (it is environmentally safe, Mr. Balooch said). It is used with an app that will be available for iOS as well as Android devices; you scan the patch with your phone, and can find out when you are at greatest risk of too much exposure, and what you might do about it.

You could also theoretically wear a few of the patches on different parts of your body to find out where you are most at risk to exposure, but that might look a little weird. Any exposed skin will do, though Mr. Balooch recommends using the patch on the back of the hand.

As to why they started with a patch, “We know from our consumer insight research that UV exposure is a big issue for people,” Mr. Balooch said. “We really only wanted to make products that would disrupt the industry.”

The patch is scheduled to come to market at the end of this year. At the moment, Mr. Balooch said, the plan is to give it away with products from the L’Oréal brand La Roche-Posay, a midpriced line that is sold in 60 countries at outlets as varied as Target and Amazon. Presumably, the idea being: 1.) The patch creates a halo effect around La Roche Posay; and 2.) Part of the education is that people need to apply more sunscreen, which could lead to an uptick in sales, which would ultimately benefit L’Oréal.

“Creating something that enhances consumer experience is what drives business,” Mr. Balooch said.

The patch is the first of a planned 10 or so wearable devices L’Oréal is making in partnership with PCH, and it follows the company’s first foray into the tech world: Makeup Genius, a makeup testing app. Though beauty has been slower to embrace the world of wearable technologythan fashion has, according to Mr. Balooch, “wearables are going to be an important part of consumer life, and that will filter down to how they think about beauty products.”

And according to Mr. Casey, beauty brands have a leg up in this area over tech brands, because consumers already trust the products they make to put on their skin. The answer? Cross-industry pollination.

I have to say, on first glance, I’d never assume My UV Patch is a wearable. It’s more like a cutesy body decoration. It speaks to the rise in popularity of all sorts of temporary tattoos, especially the high-end jewelry kind worn by grown-ups, which is pretty clever.

The one drawback I see is that, as a woman in middle age, I might not want to wear a heart on the back of my hand while at work. It might be the sort of talking point I don’t want, and it is a little childish for my personal style — which would mitigate against one of its more potentially useful lessons: How much UV exposure we get in the course of a normal working day, when we are not thinking about sun and skin protection but rather about memos and meetings.

Indeed, when I showed the heart to my teenage daughter, she also thought it looked a little “sweet” for her taste (she liked the idea of a bull’s eye). A few other patch options — a ring? a bat? — might be useful. According to Mr. Balooch, they are in the pipeline.

Air New Zealand’s ‘Airband’ a world first

Air New Zealand brings another unique innovation to air travel @Airline_ratings

Source: Air New Zealand’s ‘Airband’ a world first

Air New Zealand has introduced a world first for children flying unaccompanied, giving parents and guardians the opportunity to follow the steps in their journey.

Children travelling alone on Air New Zealand services will now receive an Airband™ at check-in as part of the service.  The wristband is embedded with a chip which is scanned at key stages of the journey to trigger text notifications to up to five nominated contacts.

Air New Zealand General Manager Customer Experience Carrie Hurihanganui says Airband is a great example of the airline investing in technology to enhance the customer experience.

“We know that having your child travel on their own can be a nervous time for both children and their guardians.  While our staff have always taken great care of children travelling solo, we identified that there was an opportunity to enhance the experience for kids while at the same time giving caregivers further peace of mind and visibility of their journey,” says Ms Hurihanganui.

“We believe this is the first time this type of technology has been used by an airline anywhere in the world for the purpose of providing caregivers greater peace of mind when their child is travelling alone.  We have been trialling it across our network over recent months and the feedback from parents and guardians has been very positive with many welcoming the additional reassurance of knowing where in the journey their child is.”

The airline’s new service applies to all children aged between five and 11 who’re travelling alone – but those aged up to 16 years can choose to opt in.

The new service is being offered on a complimentary basis through until 3 February 2016.  Bookings made from this date will incur a fee of $15 per child for each one way domestic journey, or $40 per child for each one way international journey.

Suggested read: Air New Zealand brings the future of air travel – See more at: http://www.airlineratings.com/news/612/air-new-zealands-airband-a-world-first#sthash.HLL09sJ7.dpuf

MasterCard to Turn Any Consumer Gadget, Accessory or Wearable into a Payment Device

MasterCard wants to let every new gadget turn into a credit card. It’s launching a new program today that’ll allow tech companies to make gadgets like smart rings, car keys, and fitness trackers that can also be used to make credit card payments in stores, just like most new smartphones can with programs like Apple Pay and Android Pay. MasterCard is starting out with a few partners, who have already put together prototype units. GM has made a key fob with MasterCard’s wireless payments tech built in; Ringly has done the same with a version of its smart ring; and Nymi has created a smart wristband.

ONCE EVERYTHING IS CONNECTED, BASICALLY ANYTHING COULD BE USED TO PAY

The goal is to make paying — and, of course, paying with your credit card — as easy as possible. Rather than needing to have a specific device on you and at the ready, MasterCard wants you to simply swipe the keys that are already in your hand or the ring that’s already on your finger. In doing so, it’s starting to get ahead of the boom in connected gadgets. MasterCard is imagining a world in which its tech even allows connected clothing to make payments.

So far, only MasterCards issued through Capital One will be supported on these small connected devices, but MasterCard has plenty of time to get others on board before these gadgets are actually in use. The first products that support MasterCard’s new payments tech will arrive in the US next year, with expansion into other countries to follow.

SoftBank CEO: everyone will have 1,000 IoT devices by 2040

SoftBank CEO: everyone will have 1,000 IoT devices by 2040.

Source: https://www.techinasia.com/softbank-son-iot-1000-devices-2040/

J.T. Quigley
12:32 pm on Jul 31, 2015

SoftBank World IoT

SoftBank CEO Masayoshi Son has high hopes for the burgeoning internet-of-things movement.

“Each individual, on average, will have more than 1,000 devices that are connected to the internet by 2040,” he told the audience at SoftBank World yesterday. “There will be no devices that aren’t connected.”

In Son’s world, the living room chair of the future will no longer be a simple piece of furniture. It will be a healthcare device, full of sensors that capture health-related data. Based on those readings, it will communicate with your refrigerator, which will then recommend what food to eat. The chair will share data with your shoes to determine if you’ve got a healthy balance between resting and moving around.

Masayoshi Son IoT

For those inclined to balk at Son’s prediction, he points to the history of smartphone adoption in Japan.

“I said that smartphones would dominate the world,” he explained. “Everyone told me, ‘we have NFC, we have IC chips […] in Japanese feature phones. The smartphone will never catch on here.’”

Son’s insistence on bringing the iPhone to Japan – a deal he struck with Steve Jobs personally, while the device was still in development – is what turned the firm into a global internet and telecommunications giant. He said that the decision to acquire Vodafone Japan for US$15 billion in 2006was made only after Jobs promised to provide the iPhone exclusively to SoftBank.

“In less than 10 years, we’ve seen the world realize that [the smartphone] would change the lives of people,” he added.

Even if IoT booms and the cost of such connected devices decreases drastically, it’s hard to imagine a world where everyone can afford to own1,000 devices – or 1,000 anything. Son’s vision of a global “information revolution” (see video below, which was also screened at the event) is deeply rooted in equal access to information, but unequal access toopportunity is unlikely to change within the next 30 years.

Editing by Steven Millward